The Effect of Shocks on Overlapping & Functionally Interacting Social & Political Networks: A Multi-Method Approach
Principal Investigator: Zeev Maoz, University of California - Davis
Co-Investigators: George Barnett, Raisa D'Souza, Brandon Kinne, University of California, Davis Camber Warren, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey
Years of Award: 2015-2019
Managing Service Agency: Army Research Office
When a shock-such as a natural disaster or a man-made calamity-originates in one network it often propagates into other networks. Interrelationships between different types of systems/networks are poorly understood. This project will develop and validate new models to assess how a shock in one network (e.g., a communication network) cascades into other networks (e.g., political systems, economic systems).
We plan to investigate:
(a) How network structures may affect the emergence of shocks;
(b) Different types of interdependence between and among networks, including full and partial node overlap, correlated edge dynamics, and purely functional dependencies such as complementary or competitive interactions;
(c) How shocks propagate within a given social network and how they propagate to other functionally-related networks; and
(d) How these networks re-organize following shocks.
We examine cases such as 9/11/2001, the Arab Spring, and more historical global shocks such as the great depression of 1929, the two world wars, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the Arab Spring.
- Burghardt, Keith A. and Zeev Maoz. 2018. "Partial Shocks on Cooperative Multiplex Networks with Varying Degrees of Noise". Scientific Reports, 8:13619. DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-31960-y.
- Kinne, Brandon, and Jonas B. Bunte. 2018. "Guns or Money? Defense Co-operation and Bilateral Lending as Coevolving Networks," British Journal of Political Science, 1-22. doi:10.1017/S0007123418000030.
- Kinne, Brandon. 2018. "Defense Cooperation Agreements and the Emergence of a Global Security Network," International Organization,1-39. doi:10.1017/S0020818318000218.
- Yuansheng Lin, Keith Burghardt, Martin Rohden, Pierre-André Noël, and Raissa M. D'Souza. 2018. "Self-organization of dragon king failures," Phys. Rev. E 98, 022127.
- Zeev Maoz, Paul L. Johnson, Jasper Kaplan, Fiona Ogunkoya, and Aaron P. Shreve. 2018. "The Dyadic Militarized Interstate Disputes (MIDs) Dataset Version 3.0 Logic, Characteristics, and Comparisons to Alternative Datasets." Journal of Conflict Resolution, 63.
- Smaldino, Paul, Raissa D'Souza, and Zeev Maoz. 2018. "Resilience by structural entrenchment: Dynamics of single-layer and multiplex networks following sudden changes to tie costs." Network Science, 1-19. doi:10.1017/nws.2017.35.
- Waagen, Alex, Raissa M. D'Souza, and Tsai-Ching Lu. 2017. "Explosive percolation on directed networks due to monotonic flow of activity." Phys. Rev. E 96, 012317.
- Kinne, Brandon J. 2016. "Agreeing to arm: Bilateral weapons agreements and the global arms trade." Journal of Peace Research 53(3): 359-377.
- Warren, T. Camber. 2016. "Modeling the coevolution of international and domestic institutions: Alliances, democracy, and the complex path to peace." Journal of Peace Research 53(3): 424-441.
- Barnett, G.A., Jiang, K., & Liu, B., Dynamics of the Worldwide Web: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Two-mode Network of Website Use by Country. Paper presented to the Sunbelt Social Networks Conference, Newport Beach, CA, April, 2016.
- Zeev Maoz and Kyle A. Joyce 2016. "The Effects of Shocks on International Networks: Changes in the Attributes of States and the Structure of International Alliance Networks". Journal of Peace Research, 53(3): 292-309.